It is (from Greek word kinesis meaning movement) treatment via exercises. The most important is physical activity, which has an influence on the whole body. The aim of kinesiotherapy is removal of certain disabilities or appearance of appropriate compensatory mechanism and preparation to the ongoing physical therapy.
Kinesiotherapy is used:
- in diseases and abnormalities of muscosceletal system,
- in spinal pain syndrome,
- after surgeries,
- after brain strokes,
- after myocardial infarction,
- during pregnancy to prepare to child bearing.
It can be divided into general and specialised.
Specialised kinesiotherapy is directed to a certain organ with lesion or a part of body with pain and abnormalities. Here there are the following procedures:
- passive exercises – done by a physiotherapist or a CPM (Continuous Passive Motion) device without patient’s activity;
- isometric exercises – active type of strength training in which the joint angle and muscle length do not change during contraction;
- active-passive exercises – motion is passive but a patients is actively involved in relaxing muscles;
- self help exercises – a patient helps weak muscles work with strength of a healthy extremity;
- non-weight bearing exercises – done in motion without weight in an exercised part;
- active exercises – done with a physiotherapist’s guidance;
- traction – a set of mechanisms for straightening broken bones or relieving pressure on the spine;
- synergistic exercises – a patient with the help of a healthy extremity, overcomes external resistance and relieves tension in weaker muscle groups;
- breathing exercises.
– consists of exercises of body parts without any abnormalities:
The methods of kinesiotherapy used in our centre:
- general conditioning exercises,
- morning gymnastics exercises,
- water exercises,
- disabled sports.
- Kaltenborn-Evjenth Concept,
- The McKenzie Method,